Bessie Ramírez, Managing Partner, About Marketing Solutions, Inc.
As business leaders, it can be a challenge to stay abreast of relevant industry trends and consumer dynamics. Often times, it is hard to assess the validity of the latest research publication and its relevance to your particular business. This is where a high caliber industry conference like Hispanic Retail 360(HR360) can come in handy. This conference covers the gamut between strategy and tactics in the retail space but, because it involves a variety of experts who are in the trenches with consumers daily, HR360 serves as a barometer for trends critical to any business dependent on today’s consumer.
Let me share with you a few big picture take-aways so that you can judge for yourself:
- To do or not to do Hispanic marketing? Is no longer the question. The real question is What Hispanic?
- Outreach in Spanish is still very relevant, but it is not the end all be all
- Market leaders build integrated business strategies that address the needs of high growth sub-segments
- This is elevating the conversation into the multicultural arena, including the Hispanic market as well as the Non-Hispanic market that loves all things Hispanic
- Digital engagement is a powerful tool to bring integrated strategies to life while addressing specific market needs—and it is especially relevant to Hispanics
As you can see, this conversation cuts across industries, with applications well beyond retail and CPG, into areas such as financial services and healthcare, to mention a few.
Hispanics are not a homogeneous group and you need to know which sub-segment is most critical to your business today and in the future. US-Born Hispanics (UBH) account for about 2/3 (64%) of all Hispanics. Most of them (75%) are 34 years old or younger, driving the segment to a median age of 18. That’s a whole lot of Millennials, 34 million in 2012 according to Pew Hispanic Center, who are driving growth for categories such as beer and shifting channel dynamics, such as fueling growth in Drug.
But that still leaves a substantial 19 million1 Foreign-Born Hispanics (FBH) who are a force to be reckoned. Foreign Born Hispanics dominate larger households (5+ people)2 so, while they spent less in 2013 v 2012, they still accounted for the highest average $ spend per home/grocery department ($842 FBH, $770 UBH, $782 NH). Two thirds of FBH are 34+ years old, driving some categories such as shampoo and conditioners where their household spend outpaces that of UBH and NH.
Brand perception and product preference can vary significantly among Hispanics based on nativity and acculturation as evidenced by Suavitel, which enjoys a stronghold among First Generation Hispanics (i.e., Foreign Born) and has a significantly softer following among Second and Third Generation Hispanics (i.e., US Born). Ultimately, deep consumer knowledge coupled with an assessment of your business objectives, the category, your competition, and your brand will point to pertinent Hispanic and Non-Hispanic sub-segments. That focus will in turn drive strategy.
Spanish: Sí / No
Unlike previous years, where the industry seemed to hold on fiercely to the idea that outreach in Spanish was virtually the only way to truly capture the Hispanic market, this year’s conference speakers carried a different tune. While the last ten years saw a significant rise in homes that are equally bilingual in English and Spanish, Nielsen reports that Spanish TV ads resonate better than English TV ads across sub-segments (i.e., English-Dominant, Spanish-Dominant and equally bilingual consumers).
This is due in part to the fact that many general market ads just don’t resonate with Hispanics. Hispanics often don’t relate to the situations and/or the cast being portrayed. Nonetheless, Hispanics are spending significant time consuming English media (Hispanics’ share of time spent on English Cable and Spanish Broadcast is very close, 39% v. 36% respectively), so if an advertiser is only advertising in traditional Spanish language media the message is likely to miss many Hispanics who don’t consume Spanish media.7
Is there a verdict? Should your outreach to Hispanics be in Spanish, English or both? A one-size-fits-all answer won’t do. Hopefully it’s becoming clear that it depends on various factors, not the least of which are your business objectives, your category and the composition of your target market.
Now, you may be thinking that the Hispanic market just got more complex than it was before. The reality is however, in the words of Walmart’s Javier Delgado-Granados: “If you don’t reach the Hispanic consumer, you are not going to grow. (You) need to engage the customer, regardless (of ethnicity).” At the end of the day, it’s about marketing fundamentals while being honest about the market. Your consumer profile is no just bound by age, gender and marital status; ethnicity and language are critical parts of the equation and can no longer be ignored. These are now part of the “musts” of consumer profiling for strategy development and subsequent activation. Angel Colón talked about what this means for Kroger: “Collaboration, not silos. Passion for growth. Want to engage all customers with a multicultural approach.” He contends that data helps to understand the market and optimize the store.
Now, the definition of race and ethnicity is changing. The 2010 Census saw a significant increase in multi-race households. Some contend that the U.S. will become a Majority Interethnic Society this year. Also, consumer beliefs are reflecting favorability for cultural differences (66% report that “respecting racial and cultural differences makes society better”).7 Keeping pace with the times, HR360 announced that it will evolve into “Multicultural Retail 360” next year. Sounds like a pretty smart move! They can turn to Tom Herman from Northgate Gonzalez Market for inspiration. Tom shared how their customer composition has evolved whereby US Born Hispanics and Non-Hispanic “foodies” have become a great source of growth. This has driven them to become bilingual (v Spanish dominant) and broaden their offering beyond traditional Hispanic fare.
Hispanics are spending less time viewing TV (about 40 hours less per month than NH) and more time on digital devices (almost 2 hours more on the computer and one hour more on mobile than NH). Online plays an important role among Hispanics along the purchasing funnel. For perspective, online influences 76% of purchases among Foreign-Born Hispanics.
Mobile devices have become the primary online access for almost 2/3 of Hispanics. Not only does mobile help Hispanics stay connected with friends and family, but it enriches the shopping experience. It is important to note however that, while a greater proportion of Hispanics own a smart phone versus Non-Hispanics, mobile behavior among sub-segments varies as well. Foreign-born Hispanics are more likely to use a mobile device for price comparisons and coupons. Also, more of them use their mobile device in-store as compared to UBH and NH. Conversely, a greater proportion of US-Born Hispanics report making mobile purchases versus FBH and more of them say they use mobile devices at home as compared to FBH and NH.
- Ethnicity is a critical component of consumer profiling
- Hispanics are not a homogeneous group
- The answer to the “Spanish question” is contingent upon your specific category
- Culturally, bilingual Hispanics are a “hybrid” consumer. Assuming that a general market approach will capture bilingual Hispanics or assuming that last year’s Hispanic marketing will do are both a high stakes gamble.
- Integrated strategic thinking is crucial for success in today’s America. Operating in silos, with ancillary Hispanic marketing or multicultural initiatives will limit potential and could be detrimental to your organization’s long term sustainability.
- Digital needs to be elevated from isolated tactical executions to a powerful strategic tool. Mobile deserves serious consideration, inasmuch as it is mapped to your category’s purchasing funnel and in keeping the particular consumer sub-segment’s mobile behavior.
Let’s be honest about the market and what’s needed to succeed in today’s undeniably Multicultural America.